The head-up display reduces driver distraction and increases driver safety.
To read an instrument cluster, for at least a brief moment you have to take your eyes off the road. Your eyes need to adjust to the shorter distance (known as accommodation) before the information flow can begin. This process reoccurs when your eyes readjust to the greater visual distance to take in the traffic environment. This process takes time and tires the eyes if it happens frequently. Reading a display, including accommodation of the eye occurring twice, requires at least half a second with a conventional instrument cluster. This means that when drivers avert their gaze at a speed of 120 km/h they will be driving blind for about 33 meters. A head-up display (HUD) shows information exactly where you need it – directly in the line of sight. Drivers get all the important information such as speed, warning signals and indicator arrows for navigation without looking down to the instrument cluster or the secondary display. In the case of a windscreen head-up display drivers see a virtual image, but not as a flat, static picture on the windshield, but rather, as “floating” over the hood at a distance of about two meters. In the case of an augmented-reality head-up display the information of the windshield-HUD is enriched with a layer of information right on the street in front of the car. For Continental the HUD represents a key technology for its holistic approach for the human-machine-interface which will lead to a dialogue without word between the driver and his vehicle.
Always in control, always informed
Our head-up displays also make driving more comfortable. You will feel better protected, because you have all the information directly in their line of sight and therefore can recognize and catch critical situations even faster. With improved feedback regarding the driving situation and the status of your car, it will become harder to miss important information. Speed limits for example, can be displayed in the HUD and you will be warned if you drive above the speed limit. Information from the adaptive cruise control assures you that you are driving the correct distance from the car in front of you and gives you an early warning if you are not. Our lane departure warning system gives immediate feedback if you are going to leave the lane. The usability of navigation systems also improves with a better visual feedback regarding the road ahead, especially with our augmented reality head-up display, where navigation information is seamlessly integrated in to the environment in front of your car. Continental head-up displays can be easily adjusted to the needs and preferences of drivers. This allows to customize the positioning of the virtual image on the windshield, according to the own preferences. It is also possible to adjust the contrast and the brightness. Last but not least, you can configure what information is displayed on the HUD by turning off single information like speed limit or navigation.
From a technical point of view, the HUD is a master stroke. In order to create a distortion-free image, the windshield, a curved free-form surface from an optical point of view, requires very exact images from the concave mirror in the HUD. As a result, the tolerances in the manufacturing of the large mirror are correspondingly narrow: Continental produces this large asphere in plastic injection molding with a tolerance of under 5 micrometers (0.005 mm) across the entire surface. Due to the large dynamic range of ambient brightness, extreme luminance and excellent brightness control are required for the HUD (depending on the brightness of the background of the virtual display) in order to produce an image that can be easily read. Any optical distortions through the shield are electronically corrected on the display. A lot of research and development has primarily gone into optimizing the picture generating unit (PGU), consisting of a heat sink, printed circuit board, LED matrix, and TFT color display and light guide. The latest development in a follow-up solution for an existing HUD is a display that has already reached 3.1˝ and 800 x 480 pixel resolution. During optimization, the existing 1.8˝ PGU has not only seen its performance improve – it is now more efficient as well. Compared to the first generation, the LED matrix in the TFT display in the second generation has already reached 1,300 candela per watt (cd/W). Since 2013, the next stage of development has been based on an efficiency of 1,700 cd/W, and in a few years a brightness of 3,000 cd/W will be a realistic target. This explains why only 8 watts of electrical power are needed for a contemporary standard series HUD, despite the intense brightness of the display. Thanks to increasing efficiency in LED technology, the luminance of the visible display in the series has already reached more than 10,000 cd/m2.
Continental has a broad portfolio of head-up displays. We develop windshield head-up displays, combiner head-up displays and augmented reality head-up displays. One main focus of our strategy is an aim to provide head-up displays for all vehicles classes, from luxury cars to small vehicles. Consequently we were one of the first manufacturers to deliver mid range vehicle HUDs, for example for the BMW 3 Series. The key to producing HUDs for smaller, less expensive vehicle classes as well, was to optimize costs, and also, more importantly, to reduce installation space. As a result, the second generation of Continental HUDs require just over half the space needed for the first generation of HUDs. Our combiner-HUD is the latest step on the path towards having a HUD in every car and therefore improved safety, regardless of the size or value of the car. The combiner-HUD further reduces installation space and is flatter than a windshield-HUD, something that is crucial for all vehicles types, where space in the cockpit is very limited. It is also very cost-effective as it only requires a small plastic or glass screen in order to fulfill the optical requirements for adequately reflecting the light as opposed to the windscreen itself.
In 2010 Continental began series production of the second-generation of head-up displays. This second-generation HUD from Continental has become an important part of the Human-Machine-Interface of the Audi A6/A7 and A8 Series, BMW 3 Series and Mercedes-Benz C-Class.
We began producing color head-up displays in 2003 and Continental can draw on a wealth of more than a hundred years of experience when it comes to driver information systems. Aside from its own automotive history, Continental has also inherited the experience of automotive suppliers like VDO which have become a part of Continental. The history of Continental’s automotive business began in 1908, when the Parisian firm E . Seignol established a subsidiary in Frankfurt, called O.S. Autometerwerke E. Seignol, which was later known as OTA Apparate GmbH. The fusion of OTA with the speedometer division of Deuta Werke in Berlin lead to the foundation of VDO Tachometer AG – Vereinigte Deuta OTA in Frankfurt (1928), later becoming VDO Tachometer AG and after that, VDO Adolf Schindling GmbH (1951). Between 1991 and 1994, VDO, now VDO Adolf Schindling AG, was gradually integrated into Mannesmann AG (Mannesmann VDO AG). After merging with Siemens Automotive in 2001, VDO (Siemens VDO AG) was acquired by Continental in 2007. These years of experience and know-how that have come as a result of our history continue to help us both in working together with customers, as well as in making head-up displays even more attractive to drivers.
More safety for trucks and busses
Continental is one of the world’s first companies to develop a HUD for commercial vehicles and has installed the technology in its own Innovation-Truck. Continental offers manufacturers a windshield or a combiner HUD. Customers can also choose to have the display shown in the upper or lower field of view (look-up or look-down concept). Continental offers the windshield HUD in the look-down version as standard. The use of a head-up display also gives OEMs new opportunities in vehicle design. The instrument panel can be made smaller, for example, because all of its information content can be transferred to the HUD.
The display options and the color schemes of the HUD are very varied and can be freely defined by the vehicle manufacturer. The display gets its data via the CAN bus and depending on the available sources, the display choices range from speed, navigation instructions and traffic sign warnings such as passing restrictions and speed limits, to distance warnings, gas tank levels and the driving time remaining until the next break.
In developing the HUDs for commercial vehicles, Continental engineers used synergies within the Group and the know-how of their colleagues from the automobile sector. The HUD supports the driver in the Continental Innovation Truck and has been used successfully for more than 27,000 kilometers.
Head-up display for trucks and buses
At the 2016 International Motor Show Commercial Vehicles in Hannover, Germany, Continental has been showcasing head-up displays (HUD) for greater safety and efficiency in commercial vehicles.
Taking into account the requirements of specific markets we have developed two types of HUDs for commercial vehicles: the windshield HUD fits best the commercial vehicles popular in the U.S.A., which have flatter windshields. The combiner HUD is most suitable for vehicles commonly used in Europe, for example, which have steeply angled windshields.
Holographic head-up displays
Continental has entered into a strategic partnership with DigiLens. DigiLens Inc., a Silicon Valley based company, is a proven leader in holographic optical waveguide technology and materials. The knowledge the company has in Augmented Reality and Virtual Reality will enhance and compliment the expertise of Continental in the field of automotive Head-up Displays. The partnership has been formed to develop ultra thin Augmented Reality Head-up Displays. This will further enhance a wider market penetration for AR-HUDs in cars of different segments due to much less installation space, but will also help to develop new functions for augmented-reality applications in the car.
Integrated Combiner at Tokyo Motor Show
Continental has presented its new integrated Combiner HUD to the public at Tokyo Motorshow 2015. Continental sees high sales potential for this product in the Asian markets, in particular Japan and China.
Robert Drury presents on the topic of Augmented Reality during the 2015 SAE International World Congress.
2015 SAE International World Congress
Continental was the Tier One Strategic Sponsor alongside Honda for the 2015 SAE International World Congress in Detroit, MI, held April 21-23, 2015. Throughout the week, Continental had a number of industry experts present on a variety of Automotive and Tire topics. One of these thought leaders was Mr. Robert (Bob) Drury, Director of Engineering, Instrumentation & Driver HMI, Continental North America. Mr. Drury presented in a Tech Hub session, which featured short, informational presentations in a TED-like talk format. His topic of discussion was Augmented Reality with a focus on Continental’s Augmented Reality Head-up Display (AR-HuD). Mr. Drury explained how the ability of the car can go far beyond the human scope with the use of such technology. To supplement the presentation by Mr. Drury, Continental also had a Combiner HuD on display near the Tech Hub area. SAE World Congress website: http://www.sae.org/congress/
Auto Shanghai 2015
April 22 – 29, 2015 Media Day: April 20 + 21, 2015 At Auto Shanghai 2015 Continental will present its latest Combiner Head-up Display technology and the recent Windshield Head-up Display generation with digital micro-mirror device (DMD) technology. Visit us in: Hall 5.2 Booth No.: 5B / H311 Auto Shanghai website: www.autoshanghai.org/en/
Augmented Reality Head-up Display Media Event
Auburn Hills, USA, October 29, 2014 On October 29th, 2014, Continental showcased its latest AR-HUD technology on public roads in North America for the first time. The program allowed journalists to test drive a vehicle equipped with one of Continental’s current Head-up Displays already in production, as well as the Augmented Reality HUD demonstration vehicle. During the event, executives and technical experts from Continental presented an overview of Continental’s comprehensive product portfolio for Driver HMI technologies. They also gave an outlook on the strategy towards a Holistic Human Machine Interface (Holistic HMI) and Continental’s technical capabilities in the field of Human Machine Interface, e.g. the new AR-creator for Augmented Reality Head-up Displays.
AR-HUD – Technology for a Dialog Without Words
Babenhausen, Germany, July 2014. The international automotive supplier Continental is developing an Augmented Reality Head-up Display (AR-HUD) in order to facilitate a new form of dialog between the vehicle and the driver. The reality of the traffic conditions as seen by the driver is extended… Read and download the press release
Head-up Displays Find Their Way into Drivers’ Field of Vision
Babenhausen, Germany, July 2014. Since it was launched on the market, the head-up display (HUD) has gone from being an innovation for luxury-class vehicles to a technology for the mass market. It is not least thanks to its visible usefulness and improved technology… Read and download the press release
First Look at Augmented Reality Head-Up Display for Improved Driver Information
Babenhausen, Germany, July 2014. The international automotive supplier Continental is presenting a new evolutionary stage of its head-up display (HUD). The Augmented Reality HUD supplements the exterior view of the traffic conditions in front of the vehicle with virtual… Read and download the press release
Continental Presents Combiner Head-up Display
Babenhausen/Germany, July 22, 2014. International automotive supplier Continental is systematically continuing to extend its range of scalable solutions for head-up displays (HUD) for the human machine interface (HMI) in cars. The company has developed a particularly compact… Read and download the press release
Further Than the Eye Can See
Babenhausen/Germany, July, 22, 2014. The “Augmented Reality Head-up Display” (AR-HUD) was recently presented by the international automotive supplier Continental in its demo vehicle. This new development has the ability to revolutionize… Read and download the press release
New head-up displays could change views for drivers and the industry
Head-up displays with “augmented reality,” the technology that employs much of the windshield as a display area for data and images, is poised to significantly change how drivers see the road. Continental AG says it has lined up a production contract to supply its new HUD technology for an unnamed customer in 2017. Read the full article at autonews.com
Continental: The Technology behind the Augmented Reality Head-up Display
The international automotive supplier Continental is developing an Augmented Reality Head-up Display (AR-HUD) in order to facilitate a new form of dialog between the vehicle and the driver. Read the full article at automotiveworld.com
Eyes On With Heads-Up Display Car Tech
As more technology comes into the car—from connected services like local search that require accurate input to driver-assist systems that issue a barrage of warnings—drivers will have to process more visual and audible stimuli. Read the full article at PCMag
Continental Shows Its Augmented Reality Head-up Display for 2017
The international automotive supplier Continental is developing an Augmented Reality Head-up Display (AR-HUD) in order to facilitate a new form of dialog between the vehicle and the driver. Read the full article at autoevolution.com